Expressive, almost human eyes, revealing inimitable intelligence, finish the portrait. Their history is merged with the civilization of man and their timeline can be found by tracing the history of the ancient Silk Road. Its ears are, in practice, cropped very short, and the tail is docked moderately long (except for dogs from countries where cosmetic surgeries for dogs are illegal). The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has been assigned the Working Group designation. Dogs seldom injured each other, inflicting mostly minor scratches within a short period of time. Promiscuity in aggression toward strangers and friends is highly atypical for the breed. The typical gait is a gallop; however CAO can trot for hours without wearing themselves out. The fight tests were established to maintain this important breed trait. Their original purpose was to protect the livestock and shepherds and provide companionship. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times. This breed comprises numerous breed types. This breed is known for its fearlessness towards large predators. Key Breed FactsBreed CharacteristicsIntroductionHistoryAppearanceTemperamentIntelligence / TrainabilityChildren and Other PetsHealthCaring for a Central Asian ShepherdGroomingExerciseFeedingAverage Cost to keep/care for a Central Asian Shepherd Dogs for personal protection or working dogs originated from livestock guardian dogs, selectively bred by Russian breed experts for working abilities. The Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are said to be the oldest known group of dogs in existence today. The Central Asian Shepherd possibly evolved over 4,000 ago as a result of natural selection in a vast region extending from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from the Ural Mountains in the north to Afghanistan in the south. Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Central Asian Shepherd Dog can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. We are just now seeing the difference of size, color and temperament between the native species and the modern, Russian-cultivated dogs. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breeds of dogs. https://www.akc.org/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php, https://www.akc.org/subscription/thank-you. The legs are straight, with heavy boning and moderate yet defined angulation. They are territorial guardians bred to guard people and their possessions. and countries where CAO (Central Asian Ovtcharka) still at aboriginal stage is a common practice nowadays. Some have a black mask. Only true leaders actually had to determine the strongest dog via a real fight; but this was minor, compared to their everyday duties, facing predators and venomous snakes.. These dogs were introduced to the worldwide sheep breeding community with great success. The Central Asian Shepherd, the Alabai, or the Central Asian Ovcharka is strengthening its reputation in Europe and America as one of the best guard dogs. Some breeders encourage endurance tests. The majority of breeders are aware of their dogs’ backgrounds, and will tell whether the dog comes from lines used for fighting. You will find in CASDs different breed types depending on the terrain, from the mountains of Mongolia to the deserts of the Kara Kum. FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 Pinscher & Schnauzer type, Molossoid Breeds, Swiss Mountain- and Cattle Dogs. To understand their past, you must understand a time when surviving one day against extreme climates, predators now extinct, and invading tribes was a goal not easily achieved. The natural tail is long and is carried like a sickle tail. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. No other breeds used in its creation. central asian shepherd molossoid dog breed facts, lifespan, personality traits, human compatibility, photos, size and coat color chart, world origin and rescue information from the online dog encyclopedia Central Asians tend to form a social group, consisting of different members bearing different duties; thus puppies with different working qualities are normally born in the same litter. Name: Central Asian Shepherd Dog USA - Central Asia ** known names see above Created by : Natural Selection - NON Man Made - Thus many regional old & new varieties. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog (Russian: Среднеазиатская овчарка; Алабай, romanized: Sredneazïatskaya ovčarka; Alabay) is an ancient livestock guardian dog breed. It is a large breed of dog recognized by FCI as a Molossoid type dog breed of Soviet-era origin under Russian patronage. , The Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov wrote a book about the animal and in 2017 presented Russian President Vladamir Putin with Verni, a puppy as a birthday present.. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, or the Central Asian Ovtcharka, is thought to be one of the most ancient breeds still in existence today. However, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog population is still stable in general, reproducing some true quality dogs praised for working abilities, regardless of country of origin. This new version has separated them from other aboriginal types found in the native countries of Central Asia. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. This includes special tests to determine a dog's inborn qualities, and training degrees or titles aimed to show what the dog can learn to do. Prospective owners should take note: the breed is highly protective of their family and property, so it may be difficult to bring people into your home. The dog’s head is large and its short, powerfu… Aboriginal Central Asians as well as mixes still can be found in its countries of origin, such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistanand surrounding countries. The size of a Central Asian Shepherd Dog is nearly unmatched. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs do best with a large yard and are suitable for families that like daily walks. ", "Dog lover Putin gets top breed pup as gift from Turkmen leader", Central Asians in their natural environment in country of origin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Asian_Shepherd_Dog&oldid=999204176, Dog breeds originating in the Soviet Union, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 00:28. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. Information on Livestock Guardian dogs behavior and specifics can be found at Livestock Guardian Dog Association. The Central Asian Shepherd dogs are very robust dogs, with more than an average size, great strength and power, curious and alert. Present history has a division between breed types and creations of new ones. It is believed that they may be the result of mixing the Tibetan Mastiffwith other Central Asian guard dogs – though it is im… You are going to want to feed your Central Asian Shepherd Dog a formula that will cater to his unique digestive needs throughout the various phases of his life. The ears are triangular, low-set and pendulous. Most important, purebred Central Asians have unique breed characteristics. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is an ancient breed of dog from the regions of Central Asia.Traditionally, the breed was used for guarding sheep and goat herds, as well as to protect and for guard duty. Docking of the tail and ears is optional, depending on the country in which you live. Some countries like France, Netherlands, Australia, etc., and many more ban cropping and docking. Even though it is a low energy dog, he should have good endurance for walking and hiking. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid. Molossoid type dog. Simple pedigree research and conversation with the breeder will reveal what basic instincts one can expect from the dog. The Central Asian shepherd is an ancient breed from natural selection, with records dating back over five thousand years. Their coats can be long or short, in white, fawn, black, or brindle. All herders from the same area annually met together, and fought their strongest sheep guardian male dogs to pick the winner. . They are not for first-time dog owners. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs had existed in many different types of varying sizes, coats, colors and temperaments, depending on their primary use and region of origin. In the USA the breed is … It is considered a symbol of pride and national heritage in Turkmenistan, where a gold statue of the animal was unveiled in 2020. Over the decades, this practice harmed the local population. Originally inhabiting rural areas of the Great Steppe of Central Asia in countries, such as Russia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, it is plausible that they have existed for over 10,000 years. They differ in size, color, head types, and hair types. They were created by the climate and culture of an uncivilized time long forgotten. It is a large breed of dog recognized by FCI as a Molossoid type dog breed of Soviet-era origin under Russian patronage. The body is fairly broad, proportionate, muscles rather flat. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in a vast territory, which spreads nowadays from the Caspian Sea to China and from Southern Ural to Afghanistan. These dogs, to differing degrees, are protective against human intruders; they are very territorial, safe with children; they love and respect elderly people, protect all small animals from predators, and are very gentle with family members.. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are a natural protective breed that require a non-stop observance for the life of the dog. Its legs are well-boned and muscular. Most Central Asians used for modern commercial fights come from fighting lines. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest of dog breeds in the world with a history spanning back more than 5,000 years. Ears are normally cropped close to the head but are naturally small, drop, and set low on the head. © The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. , The ancestor of the Central Asian shepherd originated in a geographical area between the Ural, Caspian Sea, Asia Minor, and the Northwest border of China. Central Asians are still in demand as livestock guardians, though not nearly as much as they used to be. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a dog of great size with massive bone structure and powerful muscles. The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is self-assured, balanced, quiet, proud and independent. It is a native breed that was used traditionally for guarding flocks of sheep as well as a guard dog and then later in dog fighting. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in the vast territory Regions of Central Asia. The tail is thick at the base and set quite high.  It is considered a symbol of pride and national heritage in Turkmenistan, where a gold statue of the animal was unveiled in 2020. These dogs are large, with short or moderately long hair and heavy undercoat. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. Trading bloodlines and purchasing unrelated breeding stock between Russia, other "former USSR republics" (such as Ukraine, Belarus etc. ) Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are the most powerful dogs of the livestock guardian type dogs.  Breed-specific dog anatomy includes exclusive features, such as very noticeable extremely flexible joints, false ribs, specific head set, and very strong neck with massive dewlap. AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies. The rump is broad. One can always expect a high level of aggression toward other dogs from CAOs with a dog fighting background. The Central Asian is a working breed of dog, and different breed fanciers organizations issue sets or rules and recommendations important to preserve dogs’ abilities to perform certain duties. The hair is short or moderately long with a heavy undercoat. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage. Central Asian Shepherd Dog Image Via youtube. BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Central Asia Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breed of … The word "ovtcharka" just means sheepdog or mongrel and is applied to many types of dogs from this region. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Dogs, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of articles related to Canidae and commonly referred to as "dogs" and of which the domestic dog is but one of its many members, on Wikipedia. Traditional dog fighting had always been a national tradition in places of original habitat, but they had never been cruel and destructive as pitbull-type fights. They are very courageous and have a high working capacity, endurance and a natural instinct of territory. The head is massive. After the Communist revolution, the Soviet government focused on working dog breeds for the Red Army, and imported the best breed representatives to Russia as per military dogs' and guard dogs' requirements. What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. The National Breed Club in Russia developed a temperament test to reveal a dog's willingness and ability to protect the premises, as well as titles in Obedience (such as OKD), and in Protection (such as ZKS or KS) for dogs in most pedigrees from Russia and other countries of that region. With each name, their is a different size, type & function. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog does not come from one specific country but is in fact found in a range of regions in the Central Asia area. Photo about pedigree, ovcharka, domestic, white, sleep, healthy, aziat, purebred, asian, animal, breed, cute - 63653763 The body is slightly longer than tall. Unlike most breeds today, they are not man-made or created by any specific person or country. Trading bloodlines and purchasing unrelated breeding stock between Russia, other "former USSR republics" (such as Ukraine , Belarus etc. ) Recent History has these dogs improperly classified as traditional Livestock Guardian dogs. They came to America after the dissolution of the USSR, and were classified as Central Asian Shepherd. Yet defined angulation defined angulation require a non-stop observance for the life of the breeds that it registers seven. 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